/ Bali Festival

Bali Festival

There are are many kinds of temple ceremonies, In Bali

The Balinese Temple ceremony is called Odalan, To say the least, its is difficult to imagine any where with more. Regardless of its specific purpose, each odalan is a colorful spectacle designed to please their hindus deities. when odalan the hindus people meke Banten / Gebogan and many kind of balinese give.

A common feature is muspa, the basic balinese form of contemplative prayer. this is followed by reception of holy water ( Tirta ) and rice ( Bija ) blessed by Ratu Pedande ( High Priest ). after this important religious ritual finished, the odalan becomes more of a social occasion, whith Balinese dance like, Topeng Dance , Barong Dance, Rejang Dance, Calonarang, Drama, Comedy, Shadow Puppet and more art bali culture

Important Festivals
  • Galungan And Kuningan
    Galungan and Kuningan ceremonies are the biggest festivals on Bali. In front of every houses and places decorated with Penjor (a tall decorated bamboo stakes) Galungan ceremonies always begin on Wednesday and held for three days. During Galungan festival, the gods descend to the earth and stay with the people. After 10 days, on Saturday, it is Hari Raya Kuningan, a kind of all souls' day. In the morning people bring offerings to their ancestors and gods. The next day Sunday is Manis Kuningan. Held at the temple of Sakenan on Serangan island, where the BARONG LANDUNG dance usually performed.
  • Nyepi
    Nyepi is annual purification on the Hindu-Balinese New Year, determined by Caka lunar cycle calendar. Nyepi usually celebrated at the beginning of the tenth Balinese month or at the end of March or at the beginning of April.
    In the evening peoples leave their houses carrying Ogoh Ogoh, a big puppet represent an evil. Everybody make noise as much as possible to frighten the evil; so that they flee as far as possible from Bali. The Nyepi day, all peoples on Bali stay at their homes. There is no traffic on that day and no noise may be heard outside the house and no light may be seen.
  • Pagerwesi
    Ritual ceremony for strong metal and spiritual defense in welcoming Galungan.
  • Saraswati
    The day of Dewi Saraswati devotion, the God manifestation as the beautiful goddess of knowledge, art and literature. On this day, all books of knowledge, manuscripts and the Weda are blessed.
  • Temple Festival - Odalan
    Odalan ceremony considered as a birthday, annual ceremony of a temple based on Balinese calendar 210 days. and they held the ceremony in three days.
Life Cycle Rites
Life cycle rites are ritual ceremonies according to phases of life cycles:
  • Beginning from the union of husband and wife that will create a fetus in the womb.
  • Seventh month pregnancy rite (Megedong-Gedongan).
  • The birth rite (Penyambutan).
  • The rite of the seventh day for the fall of the umbilical cord (Kepus Pungsed).
  • The rite of the twelfth day.
  • The first Otonan rite (the 35th day).
  • The 47th day rite.
  • The third month rite.
  • Otonan anniversary (birthday anniversary) in every 210 days.
  • Mesangih rite (teeth filing) for welcoming adulthood.
  • Mepadik rite (engagement).
  • Mesakapan rite (wedding ceremony.
  • Ngaben (cremation rite).

Hindu Balinese believe in incarnation of human soul and cosmic notion. The five cosmic elements (Panca Maha Bhuta) consists of: air, earth, outer space, fire and water.
These cosmic elements will accompany the soul in his after death journey; and help him to achieve the Moksha or eternal release. If failed, it means that the soul is still bound to the chain of incarnations.

The following are the details of well known life cycle rites:
  • Tooth filing ceremony
    A ritual ceremony that the six front teeth in the upper jaw are filed. This ceremony is to released the teenager from six evils: anger, greed, jealousy, dipsomania, stupidity and unbridled lust. After the teeth file ceremony he or she belongs to the grown up people, with all the rights and duties and ready to marry.
  • Ngaben
    Ngaben is a cremation ceremony, a symbolic rite that the soul will be released and returned onto the cosmic elements. It takes place depends of the ability of the family to pay for it. Sometimes it takes several years before a Ngaben takes place. As long as there is no cremation, the soul cannot rise up to heaven. The body will be buried, waiting for a propitious day for cremation
 

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